The second contribution to the existing literature that this study seeks to make is to compare the thematic content of citizenship tests in five countries, which to our knowledge has not been done so far. The countries selected for this comparison are four European Member States and the US. The US has been integrated into this comparison because it is Joppke’s (2007:3) point of reference for a country with a liberal citizenship regime. In addition, four of the eight European Member States (cp. table 6 below) that dispose of a full-fledged written citizenship test 7 have been selected:... READ MORE.