Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB) in partnership with the Migration Policy Group (MPG) is working on the project “Integration policies: Who benefits? The development and use of indicators in integration debates“. The project builds on and expands the Migrant Integration Policy Index. It will inform and engage key policy actors about how to use indicators to improve integration governance and policy effectiveness. To that end, the project will identify and measure integration outcomes, integration policies, and other contextual factors that can impact policy effectiveness; describe the real and potential beneficiaries of policies; and collect and analyse high-quality evaluations of integration policy effects.
MIPEX is a fully interactive tool and reference guide to assess, compare and improve integration policy.
MIPEX measures integration policies in all European Union Member States plus Norway, Switzerland, Canada and the USA up to 31 May 2010. Data from Australia and Japan was collected up to September 2010 and in Serbia in January 2012, but as there have been no changes since May 2010 the data is directly comparable between the 34 countries.
Using 148 policy indicators MIPEX creates a rich, multi-dimensional picture of migrants’ opportunities to participate in society by assessing governments’ commitment to integration. By measuring policies and their implementation it reveals whether all residents are guaranteed equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities.
The project “Integration policies: Who benefits? The development and use of indicators in integration debates” is led by the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB), and the Migration Policy Group (MPG). The project will conduct a complete review of integration outcomes, policies, and beneficiaries in the 28 EU Member States. In addition, the project aims to include other countries, Norway, Switzerland, South Korea, Japan, and major OECD countries of immigration, such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the US (at the costs of partners in these countries).
The project “Integration policies: Who benefits?” is co-funded by the European Fund for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals. The project started in November 2013 and will finish in April 2015.
MIPEX promotes transparency by increasing public knowledge and visibility of national policies, changes and international trends. The project stimulates debate on government objectives, progress and results. It also inspires integration actors to collect further evidence of how legal integration can work to promote societal integration in practice.
MIPEX establishes the extent to which all residents are legally entitled to equal rights and responsibilities as well as to any support that addresses their specific needs to make equal opportunities a reality.
It answers questions on enforcement mechanisms, such as sanctions, the existence of equality bodies and their mandate, the role of non-governmental organisations and dialogue with social partners. Where such mechanisms do not exist, integration actors can call for their creation. Where they do exist, actors can (learn to) use them effectively.
You can use the MIPEX to:
• Analyse seven policy areas which shape a legally resident third-country national’s journey to full citizenship.
• Examine how policies compare against the standard of equal rights and responsibilities for migrants.
• Find out how your country’s policies rank compared with other countries.
• Track if policies are getting better or worse over time.
• Dig into real examples of how to improve policies.
• Design and assess new laws and proposals on an on-going basis.
What are the highest standards used by MIPEX?
MIPEX identifies the highest European or international standards aimed at achieving equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities for all residents.
How does MIPEX decide the scores?
There are 148 policy indicators on migrant integration in the MIPEX. These have been designed to benchmark current laws and policies against the highest standards through consultations with top scholars and institutions using and conducting comparative research in their area of expertise.
A policy indicator is a question relating to a specific policy component of one of the 7 policy areas. For each answer, there are 3 options. The maximum of 3 points is awarded when policies meet the highest standards for equal treatment.
Within each of the 7 policy areas, the indicator scores are averaged together to give one of 4 dimension scores which examine the same aspect of policy. The 4 dimension scores are then averaged together to give the policy area score for each of the 7 policy areas per country which, averaged together one more time, lead to the overall scores for each country. In order to make rankings and comparisons, the initial 1-3 scale is converted into a 0-100% scale for dimensions and policy areas, where 100% is the top score.
Unlike indexes based on expert opinion, MIPEX is based on public laws, policies and research.
In every country, independent scholars and practitioners in migration law, education and anti-discrimination filled out the score for each indicator based on the country’s publicly available documents as of May 2010.
Scores for March 2007 were also obtained for new indicators in areas other than education (new policy area).
All scores were anonymously peer-reviewed by a second expert.
The Migration Policy Group moderated any discrepancies and checked the completed questionnaires for consistency across strands and countries over time.
Finally, national experts provided input on policy changes and the reasons behind them.
...see the full list of experts